The Connection Between Dog Fighting, Human Trafficking
“Animal cruelty crimes uncover other crimes – family violence, juvenile delinquency, drugs and human trafficking, and more.”
– John Thompson, Deputy Executive Director, National Sheriffs Association (2014)
What is Dog Fighting?
Dog fighting is a inhumane blood sport where dogs who have been bred, conditioned and trained to fight are placed in a pit to fight each other for spectator entertainment and profit. Fights average one to two hours, ending when one of the dogs cannot continue.
The injuries inflicted and sustained by dogs participating in dogfights are severe and often fatal. The dogs used in the majority of these fights have been specifically bred and trained for fighting—an upbringing that relies on abuse and mistreatment from puppyhood.
Typical dogfighting injuries include severe bruising, deep puncture wounds and broken bones. Dogs used in these events often die of blood loss, shock, dehydration, exhaustion or infection hours or even days after the fight. Otherwise healthy dogs who are born “cold” or won’t fight are often used to sic other dogs on as training.
Over the years, law enforcement raids have unearthed many disturbing facets of this illegal bloodsport. Young children are often present at these events, which promotes insensitivity to animal suffering, enthusiasm for violence and disrespect for the law. Illegal gambling is commonplace at dogfights, with wagers of thousands of dollars at stake. This profitability makes dogfighting commonplace in organized crime settings as well as the streets.
The sale and use of illegal drugs is common at dogfights as well, and firearms and other weapons have been found at these events due to the large amounts of cash present. Dogfighting has also been connected to other kinds of violence—even homicide.
Because dogfights aren’t widely publicized, spectators do not merely happen upon a fight, they seek it out. They are willing participants who support a criminal activity through their paid admission and attendance. Thankfully, many states have realized that felony charges for spectators can help crack down on dogfighting, but more legislation is still needed.
Making and Breaking the Connection
- Batterers who also abuse their pets are both more controlling and use more dangerous forms of violence [sexual violence, marital rape, emotional violence and stalking] than batters who do not (Simmons & Lehmann, 2007).
- Threatened or actual abuse of a pet was found to be one of the partner characteristics associated to interpersonal violence (Walton-Moss, Manganello, Frye & Campbell, 2005).
- Women in domestic violence shelters are 11 times more likely to report animal abuse by their partner than women not experiencing violence (Ascione, Weber, Thompson, Heath, Maruyama, & Hayashi, 2007).
- “According to a three-year study by the Chicago Police Department, 65 percent of the people arrested for animal abuse crimes—including dogfighting—were also arrested for violent crimes against people” (HSUS, 2007).
- In a Massachusetts study, 70% of animal abuses had criminal records including crimes involving violence, property, drugs or disorderly behavior (Arluke & Luke, 1997).
- A Canadian police review of crime records found that 70% of people charged with cruelty to animals also had other reported incidents of violent behavior, including homicide (Boat & Knight, 2000).
- 70% of the animal abusers studied also had a criminal record and 38% had a violent crime record (MSPCA and Northwestern University, 1997).
Break it up.
1. Familiarize Yourself with the Issue
Since there are a wide variety of issues associated with dog fighting, it is best to read literature from different sources to understand its depth and breadth.
2. Identify the Signs
Dog fighting is considered an “underground” activity, it can be very difficult to pinpoint when it occurs. However, there are signs which can help you tip off local authorities to potential fighting operations. these signs may include:
Pit bulls on heavy chains
Scarred dogs, especially pit bulls
Fighting pit, often with “scratch lines”
3. Report It
Dog fighting is considered an If you witness a dog fight, the first thing you should do is call 911, since dog fighting is a felony crime in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Provide as much information as you can to the 911 dispatcher including the date and time, a description of the activities and those involved (both people and animals), and the location of the fight. Photographic and video evidence can also play an important role in prosecuting abusers, but never put yourself in harm’s way or become a spectator.